A Japanese Thoreau of the Twelfth Century (4)


英訳方丈記

  • Chapter 1
  • Chapter 2
  • Chapter 3
  • Chapter 4
  • Chapter 5
  • Chapter 6
  • Chapter 7
  • Chapter 8
  • Chapter 9
  • Chapter 10
  • Chapter 11
  • Chapter 12
  • Chapter 13
  • Chapter 14
  • Chapter 15
  • Chapter 16

  • CHAPTER 4

     

    Again, in the same year in the waterless [6th] month a change of capital was suddenly made, against all expectation. Kyoto had already been the capital for some centuries since its choice by the Mikado Saga [A.D. 810-823].

    As there was no sufficient reason for this removal the people were discontented beyond words. their complaints, however, were of no avail, and the Mikado and his Court betook themselves to Naniwa in Settsu. Who, then, if he regarded the ways of the world, would care to remain in the deserted city ? But those who hankered after place and rank and courted great men's favour strove their utmost to forestall their fellows in removing, if only by a single day. Others whose home was lost, whose hopes were frustrated, and whom the world neglected, remained sorrowfully behind. The mansions of those who had vied with each other in the height of their roofs [i.e. in wealth and show] fell into ruin, houses were demolished, and the parts floated down the Yodo to the new city, gardens were turned visibly into mere fields. Even men's dispositions changed, only horses and harness were thought of, and there were none to use ox-drawn carriages. Lands in the south and west rose in demand, and property in the north and eastern provinces fell in value.

     

    又おなじ年の六月の頃、にはかに都うつり侍りき。いと思ひの外なりし事なり。大かたこの京のはじめを聞けば、嵯峨の天皇の御時、都とさだまりにけるより後、既に數百歳を經たり。

    異なるゆゑなくて、たやすく改まるべくもあらねば、これを世の人、たやすからずうれへあへるさま、ことわりにも過ぎたり。されどとかくいふかひなくて、みかどよりはじめ奉りて、大臣公卿ことごとく攝津國難波の京に(八字イ無)うつり給ひぬ。世に仕ふるほどの人、誰かひとりふるさとに殘り居らむ。官位に思ひをかけ、主君のかげを頼むほどの人は、一日なりとも、とくうつらむとはげみあへり。時を失ひ世にあまされて、ごする所なきものは、愁へながらとまり居れり。軒を爭ひし人のすまひ、日を經つゝあれ行く。家はこぼたれて淀川に浮び、地は目の前に畠となる。人の心皆あらたまりて、たゞ馬鞍をのみ重くす。牛車を用とする人なし。西南海の所領をのみ願ひ、東北國の庄園をば好まず。

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    「A Japanese Thoreau of the Twelfth Century」は『南方熊楠全集 第10巻 』に所収。
    『方丈記』原文は青空文庫より。




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